31 Jul PRTCT | LION
The Lion population is inferred to have undergone a reduction of approximately 43% over the past 21 years (approximately three Lion generations, 1993-2014). Among the causes of decline, the most important are indiscriminate killing in defense of human life and livestock, habitat loss, and prey base depletion. Prey base depletion is partly linked to habitat loss, but more importantly to poaching and bushmeat trade. An emerging threat is a trade in bones and other body parts for traditional medicine, both within Africa and in Asia. Furthermore, although trophy hunting contributes positively to Lion conservation, improvements in management practices have been recommended, as when poorly regulated, it also contributes to population declines. While attention is currently focused on Lion hunting reforms to ensure sustainability, the leading causes of population decline are more difficult to address and are likely to continue. The observed and inferred reductions are based on direct observation; appropriate indices of abundance; declines in area of occupancy, the extent of occurrence and habitat quality; and actual and potential levels of exploitation.